10th International Feed Regulators Meeting Report
30-31 January 2017 - Atlanta, USA
For the 10th time the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF) brought together government officers and feed industry professionals from across the world to facilitate dialogue and collaboration between the public and the private sector. Once again the IFRM provided a unique opportunity for the feed sector to come together, exchange thoughts and information and to explore concrete ways to address common challenges.
Feed safety risk management and strategies to reduce antimicrobial resistance were high on the agenda at this year’s International Feed Regulators Meeting (IFRM). The topics were addressed in two workshops that adopted the new format of the “World Café”, a participatory and engaging approach to address challenges and opportunities in a collaborative conversation. It was noted that participants highly appreciated this new opportunity to engage more actively.
Session I: Update on CODEX work on animal feeding
Joel Newman, IFIF
Annamaria Bruno, Codex Alimentarius Secretariat – “Update on new CODEX work of relevance for feed”
In a modern approach to food safety, Codex Alimentarius recognizes that animal feed contributes to the production of safe food, by preventing hazards from entering the food chain at an early stage. Currently, Codex’s work relevant to animal feeding is carried out within several Codex Committees. The two ad hoc Intergovernmental Task Forces on Animal Feeding resulted in the adoption of the Code of Practice on Good Animal Feeding, the Guidelines on the Application of Risk Assessment for Feed (pdf 297KB) and the Guidance for Governments of Prioritizing Hazards in Feed (pdf 230 KB).
Decisions taken in the 39th Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission in 2016 relevant to the feed sector:
- A list of new and revised texts were adopted;
- items were approved for new work, such as the revision of the General Principles of Food Hygiene (pdf 235 KB) and its HACCP Annex and the guidance for histamine control in the Code of Practice for Fish and Fishery Products and sampling plans for histamine in standards for fish and fishery products; and
- it was agreed to establish an Ad hoc Intergovernmental Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance, hosted by the Republic of Korea.
The Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance shall review and revise as appropriate the Code of Practice to Minimise and Contain Antimicrobial Resistance (pdf 74 KB) to address the entire food chain, in line with the mandate of Codex. Furthermore, it will consider the development of guidance on integrated surveillance of antimicrobial resistance, taking into account the guidance developed by the WHO Advisory Group on Integrated Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance (AGISAR) and relevant documents from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). A physical Working Group (WG), chaired by the United Kingdom, and co-chaired by Australia and the United States of America, was established to revise the project documents for the new work and to revise the terms of reference for the request for scientific advice to FAO and WHO in collaboration with OIE. The meeting was held in London (UK) from 29 November to 2 December 2016.
Karine Tanan, IFIF Regulatory Committee Chair - “IFIF regulatory work and contributions to CODEX”
IFIF provides expert information as needed in various Codex Alimentarius Committees. From 2011 to 2013 IFIF was
involved in the Codex Task Force on Animal Feeding. More recently IFIF has participated in:
- The electronic Working Group (eWG) on the carry-over of unintentional residues of veterinary drugs in feed
- The eWG on revision of the classification of food and feed
- The pre-consultation of documents for the physical WG on Codex work on AMR
- Physical WG on Codex work on AMR
Next projects that the IFIF Regulatory Committee will undertake include:
- International standards for contaminants for feed ingredients
- Guidance on implementation of Globally Harmonized System (GHS) standards
Session II: Workshop on Feed Safety Risk
Workshop leaders: Sabine Kruse, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (Germany) and Angela Pellegrino Missaglia, IFIF (Sindiraçoes, Brazil)
The Codex Alimentarius Code of Practice on Good Animal Feeding and the FAO/IFIF Manual of Good Practices for the Feed Industry help government officers and the private sector to manage risks in feed. However, practical guidance on feed risk management strategies is still needed. For this purpose, sharing experiences and identifying challenges and needs is crucial. Therefore, the workshop leaders presented the German experience using the example of mycotoxin.
During the “World Café” session participants shared also their experiences and contributed their ideas and perspectives. Here follows a summary of the questions addressed and the discussions they stimulated:
Session III: Convergence Project
Moderators: Tebogo Banda, Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (South Africa) and Melissa Dumont, IFIF (ANAC, Canada)
Presenter: Philippe Becquet, IFIF - “The Convergence Project: Towards convergence of technical requirements specific to feed additive/ingredient authorization”
Panelists: Dan McChesney, Food and Drug Administration, FDA (USA)
Catherine Italiano, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, CFIA (Canada)
Marta Ponghellini, European Commission - DG Health and
In 2014 IFIF together with FEFANA, launched the Global Convergence Project with the overall long-term objective to enable the convergence of technical requirements for the safety assessment of feed ingredients between jurisdictions globally. The aim is to develop science-based technical guidance documents that facilitate the dialogue and the exchange of information between the authorities and the industry experts, dealing with risk assessment of feed ingredients. Right before this year’s IFRM, the Steering Committee of the Global Convergence Project was established with one representative from each jurisdiction (USA, Canada and EU) and each regional industry association and IFIF. China, South Africa, Brazil and Japan have observer status and will be called upon when ad hoc expert groups start working. The first Milestones of the work of the Global Convergence Project are set for April 2017 and include the set-up of a group on definitions and glossary and the set-up of a list of topics to be worked on first. The next Steering Committee Meeting is planned for 2 May 2017 and the project Secretariat will be finalized at a later stage.
Session IV: Capacity Development for Feed Safety
Moderators: Daniela Battaglia, FAO and De Wet Boshoff, IFIF (AFMA, South Africa)
Presenter: Saskia Reppin, FAO – “Multi-stakeholder Partnership for Capacity Development for Feed Safety”
The Feed Safety Partnership has the objective to strengthen the capacity of relevant stakeholders along the feed and food chain to produce and supply safer feed and thereby contribute to animal health and welfare and enhance food safety and food security. After the first Steering Group Meeting in June 2016 several activities were selected and prioritized for implementation:
- Development of the Global Feed Safety Platform including databases of experts and professionals and organizations and institutions, as well as a directory of resources relevant to feed safety (stay tuned for the launch of the website);
- Establishment of an online discussion forum;
- Support to the practical implementation of feed risk assessment and hazard prioritization through the production of training material, training, tools and methods;
- Collection and dissemination of factsheets on different contaminants;
- Development of case studies of successful experiences
Presenter: Alexandra de Athayde, IFIF – “IFIF Global Animal Nutrition Programme – Train the Trainer”
The IFIF Train the Trainer Programme is a project on training for feed safety. IFIF promotes the use of the FAO/IFIF Manual of Good Practices for the Feed Industry to support the development of local feed industry. A pilot project was undertaken in 2015 in Nigeria and currently there are plans underway to start training sessions in other countries in 2017.
Presenter: Sufian Kyarua, Tanzanian Animal Feed Manufacturers Association (TAFMA) – “Current work and next steps”
TAFMA was founded in 1990 with the mission to provide a common forum for all animal feed manufacturers in Tanzania, to liaise with the government and provide the link between the association and livestock keepers. In 2016 Tanzania produced 600 000 MT of feed, over 90% of feed is produced for poultry production and seven main feed manufacturers make up 80% of the market. Major constraints, challenges and threats to the market are:
- Inadequate regulatory environment and policies
- Weak institutions and limited interaction between public and private sector
- Constrained access to feed raw material and to the supply chain
- Insufficient inspection and control mechanism for feed and food safety
- Insufficient level of education, training and knowledge
- Illegal importation of feed
Presenter: Gustavo Eduardo Blanco Demarco, Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries (Uruguay) – “FEEDLATINA/PG345 STDF”
A delegation of Latin American feed industry representatives and government officials participated in the IFRM with the support of the Feedlatina Feed and Food Security Programme, financed by the Standards and Trade Development Facility (STDF). The programme provides governmental officers (from regulatory agencies and veterinary, agricultural and food safety services) and private companies in the feed sector with technical and functional capacities to engage in public-private cooperation. Recommendations and strategies are based on competent international agencies, namely FAO, OIE and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA). The project contributes to harmonizing regulations, improve feed safety and regional integration.
The project is developing a series of tools and services, such as a feed sector glossary, a comparative analysis of regulations and an online training platform on Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP).
Session V: Workshop on Actions to Minimize Antimicrobial Resistance
Workshop leaders: Eva Reinhard, Federal Office for Agriculture (Switzerland) and Olivier Espeisse, IFIF
The workshop leaders introduced the topic of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and also presented how national regulations can address AMR reduction.
Reference was made to the Global Action Plan on AMR and the FAO Action Plan. Key points of the latter are:
- raise awareness and understanding of AMR and related threats;
- develop capacities for surveillance and monitoring antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use (AMU);
- strengthen governance on AMU, for instance through the development of a legislative framework that allows or restricts the use of specific products; and
- promote good practices and strategies, such as appropriate housing and nutrition, stress reduction and vaccination, good husbandry, good agricultural or manufacturing practices.
What can governments and industry do together?
The example of the Swiss strategy on antibiotic resistance was presented. Its main aim is to maintain the long-term efficacy of antibiotics for humans and animals. In Switzerland, antibiotic sales of Sulphonamide, Penicillin and Tetracycline have reduced by 33% between 2008 and 2014. The strategy highlights that preventive measures can reduce the use of antibiotics in many sectors. For instance, animal health is a key issue and its improvement will lead to a reduction in the use of antibiotics. Current agricultural practices need rethinking – prevention through good practices and good nutrition instead of reparatory medicine is the key.
During a “World Café” dialogue on how government and industry can work together to minimize AMR was stimulated. Here follow the questions addressed and points discussed:
Session VI: Update on feed legislations
in selected countries
Moderators: Eustace Ayemere Iyayi, Nigerian Institute of Animal Science (Nigeria) and John Spragg, IFIF (SFMCA, Australia)
Presenter: Maria Fe Cabullo, Bureau of Animal Industry (Philippines) - “Feed regulations in the Philippines”
The Feed Regulation in the Philippines, R.A. No. 1556 (Livestock and Poultry Feeds Act), mandates the Animal Feeds, Veterinary Drugs and Biologics Control Division (AFVDBCD), of the Bureau of Animal Industry, to oversee the importation, manufacture, distribution, advertising and sale of livestock and poultry feeds, feed ingredients and additives. It is composed of two sections, namely the Licensing, Registration and Certification Section (LRCS) and the Inspection, Monitoring and Evaluation Section (IMES). New challenges are linked to AMR and compliance with international standard to be competitive.
Presenter: Juan Carlos Zuñiga, Ecuadorian Agency for Quality Assurance in Agriculture (Ecuador) – “Feed regulation reform in Ecuador”
Juan Carlos Zuñiga presented the “Feed regulation reform in Ecuador” of the Ecuadorian Agency for Quality Assurance in Agriculture. He provided an overview of the agency, their current regulations, and an overview of their good manufacturing practices, while reflecting on former problems and how to prevent those in the future. Mr. Zuñiga then presented how food and additives are registered in Ecuador, and the international standards they reference to, such as the FAO/IFIF Manual of Good Practices for the Feed Industry, the FDA, the EU Commission, the AOAC International and the Comunidad Andina.
Presenter: Yuji Kondo, Japan Feed Manufacturers Association (JFMA, Japan) – “Update on Japan’s feed regulations”
The Japan Feed Manufacturers Association introduced the ‘JFMA Code of Practice for Safe Feed’ in 2011 as a private voluntary guideline. This has resulted in a strong improvement of feed safety in the country and resulted in a decrease in non-compliance cases against the Feed Safety Law. In cooperation with OIE, FAO and WHO (including Codex Alimentarius), as well as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), efforts are on-going to ensure prudent use of antibiotics in human and animal sectors and agriculture. The feed industry promotes the use of antibiotics only for therapeutic use in human and veterinary medicine.
Joel Newman, IFIF Chairman, and Daniela Battaglia, FAO, closed the meeting and concluded that
“The success of this meeting is proof that FAO’s efforts to facilitate dialogue between the public and private sector are worthwhile. Feed operators can valuably contribute to make the livestock and food sectors more responsible and sustainable, and to achieve other important goals such as food security, public health, and animal health and welfare. The IFRM is an important opportunity to exchange ideas among stakeholders from around the world and to coordinate our actions towards common goals.”
Join the three newly established email based discussion fora:
Their objective is to foster dialogue and collaboration among all operators and professionals working in the feed sector (including private sector, civil society, academia, etc.).
1. The Feed Network is open to ALL operators and professionals working in the feed sector (including private sector, civil society, academia, etc.).
2. The IFRM group, is a closed subgroup of the Feed Network with approved members only. Members are feed regulators and industry representatives and professionals that have attended recent IFRMs.
3. The Feed Regulators Group is a closed subgroup of the Feed Network with approved members only. To be approved, members must be governmental officers working in the feed sector or on related matters.
Stay tuned for the Global Feed Safety Platform
to be expected online soon!
Join the 11th IFRM in Atlanta, USA on 29-30 January 2018.
To register please click
Sebastian Csaki and Alexandra de Athayde for summarizing the speakers contributions and reviewing the final package.
Olivier Espeisse, Sabine Kruse, Angela Pellegrino Missaglia and Eva Reinhard for preparing and introducing the workshops.
Daniela Battaglia, Philippe Becquet, Alexander Döring, Melissa Dumont, Catherine Italiano, Floris Leijdekkers, Angela Pellegrino Missaglia, Joel Newman, Eva Reinhard, Saskia Reppin and Karine Tanan for hosting and summarizing the workshop discussion.
Concept, layout, photography and filmmaking by Tonia Galasso.